It is necessary to provide for the implementation of current laws concerning environmental crimes and crimes against animals, ensuring greater prosecution of serious facts still not adequately pursued and a greater contrast to poaching. A strengthening of the regulatory and administrative instruments aimed at fighting organized crime is needed, with particular reference to the conduct characterized by the interaction between mafia and policy. It is also necessary to implement instruments to address assets of illicit origin, through a serious policy of seizure and confiscation of assets and management of the same, aimed at the safeguard and protection of companies and workers before the allocation in the period of judicial administration.
In order to cope with the recurrent phenomenon of overcrowding of prisons and to guarantee conditions of dignity for the detained persons, it is essential to implement a prison building plan that includes the construction of new structures and the expansion and modernization of the current ones. It is necessary to provide for the worrying lack of Prison Police personnel with an extraordinary recruitment plan, as well as to decisively intervene on the quality of life at work of the agents, in terms of protection and structures. Security conditions must be established in prisons, by revising and modifying the protocol of the so-called 'dynamic surveillance' and of the 'open' penitentiary regime, by making surveillance systems fully effective.
It is advisable to allow as many foreign prisoners present in Italian prisons as possible to serve their sentence in their country of origin through the activation of bilateral agreements for judicial cooperation with the countries of origin. Finally, it is necessary to rewrite the so-called 'reform of the penitentiary order' in order to guarantee the certainty of punishment for those who delinque, a greater protection of the security of citizens, also enhancing the work in prison as the main form of re-education and social reintegration of the sentenced person.
A systematic and organic review of all reward measures is also envisaged to guarantee the effectiveness of the principle of re-education of the sentence. The new guidelines on the "bis" code should be reviewed, so as to obtain an effective rigor in the functioning of the "hard prison" regime. The reform of the tax process is proposed with the establishment of specialized judges, with a view to guaranteeing greater impartiality of judgment.
The current migration issue is unsustainable for Italy, given the costs to bear and the related business, fueled by national public funds often managed with little transparency and permeable to infiltration of organized crime. The failure of the current migration management system is likely to call into question the same Schengen system. Italy must play a decisive role at the European negotiating tables on asylum and immigration policies. We must aim at reducing the pressure of flows on external borders and the consequent trafficking of human beings and, at the same time, in the same vein, to verify the current European missions in the Mediterranean, penalizing for our country, in particular for the provisions that envision the landing of ships used for operations in our national ports without any responsibility shared by others European countries.
It is necessary to overcome the Dublin Regulation. Compliance with the principle of fair sharing of responsibilities enshrined in the Treaty on the functioning of the EU must be ensured through the compulsory and automatic relocation of asylum seekers among EU Member States, on the basis of objective and quantifiable parameters, with the redirection of applications of asylum to other countries.
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At the same time, in order to ensure a correct balance with the interests of security and public order, it is also necessary to provide specific types of offenses which, if committed by asylum seekers, result in their immediate removal from the national territory. Given that current mechanisms and the substantial funding allocated to reception are an element of attraction for crime, closer monitoring of costs is needed. For this reason it is necessary to give transparency to the management of public funds destined to the reception system, so as to eliminate the infiltration of organized crime.
It is necessary to introduce the obligation to publicize the financial statements of managing bodies to ensure timely checks on the reporting of the services and goods provided, on the expenses incurred and on the results achieved. The current system of entrustment of centers to private individuals must be overcome in favor of a greater involvement of public institutions, starting with territorial ones, entrusting the management of the centers themselves to the regions and providing measures that have the prior acquisition of consent from the local institutions involved as a necessary condition for their establishment.
It is essential to disrupt the smugglers' business that caused landings and deaths in the Mediterranean Sea and dismantle international criminal organizations for trafficking in human beings, with further cooperation and involvement of the judicial police of other European countries. The assessment of the admissibility of applications for international protection must take place in the countries of origin or transit, with the support of the European agencies, in structures that guarantee full protection of human rights.
We also believe that the bilateral agreements must be implemented, both from Italy and from the European Union, with both transit and origin third countries, in order to make repatriation procedures clear and rapid. At the same time, it is necessary to provide for the identification of temporary residence sites aimed at repatriation, with at least one location for each region, subject to agreement with the Region itself, and with sufficient capacity for all irregular immigrants present and tracked in the national territory.
To date there are about thousand irregular migrants present on our territory and, therefore, a serious and effective policy of repatriation is unavoidable and of priority. For the purposes of carrying out the procedures and for an effective repatriation, detention must be arranged for the whole period necessary to ensure that the removal is carried out within a maximum time total of eighteen months, in harmony with the Community provisions.
With a view to the efficient and consistent management of public resources with the political actions to be implemented, it is therefore necessary to review the current destination of the same in terms of asylum and immigration, in particular by providing for the use of part of the resources allocated for the reception to allocate them to the Repatriation Fund.
Finally, we need a necessary revision of the current legislation on family reunification and social benefits, in order to avoid fictitious cases, the undue use of subsidies paid and guarantee their effective sustainability with respect to the economic condition of our country.
In a global context it is necessary to ensure that international investment flows and funding of cooperation funds are made transparent. We need to stop the sale of arms to the countries in conflict, preventing and combating international terrorism, even of an Islamist nature. For the purposes of transparency in relations with other religious confessions, in particular those that have not signed the agreements with the Italian State, and to prevent possible terrorist infiltrations, repeatedly reported at national and international level, it is necessary to adopt an ad-hoc legislation that provides for the establishment of a register of ministers of worship and the traceability of funding for the construction of mosques and, in general, of places of worship, even if differently named.
Furthermore, adequate tools must be available to allow the immediate control and closure of all radical Islamic associations as well as mosques and places of worship, however denominated, that are irregular. In this regard, in order to guarantee effective and uniform action throughout the country it is necessary to adopt a specific framework law on mosques and places of worship, which also includes the involvement of local communities.
On the topic of work, it is of primary importance to guarantee a fair remuneration for the worker in order to assure them a dignified life and work, in conditions of freedom, fairness, security and dignity, implementing the principles enshrined in Article 36 of the Constitution. To this end, it is considered necessary to introduce a minimum hourly wage law which, for all categories of workers and productive sectors in which the minimum wage is not fixed by collective negotiation, establishes that every hour of the worker can not be remunerated below a certain amount.
Similarly, apprenticeships for the liberal professions can no longer be free. In order to foster a speedy recovery in employment and free companies from administrative burdens, often unnecessary and costly, a structural reduction of the tax wedge should be implemented together with simplification, rationalization and reduction, also through digitization, of the bureaucratic obligations connected to the administrative management of labor relations that heavily affect the cost of labor in terms of time, efficiency and dedicated resources. The total elimination of vouchers has created quite a few inconveniences to the many sectors for which this means of payment represented an indispensable tool.
Its replacement with the so-called "family bank book" and with the "temporary contract" has only made the use of ancillary jobs more complex, with the risk of an increase in undeclared work. It is therefore necessary to carry out a comprehensive reform of the current legislation aimed at introducing a specific, clear and simple instrument, which is not subject to abuse, which can be activated electronically via a dedicated digital platform for managing ancillary job relationships.
In order to protect occupational and social security, it is important to develop and strengthen active policies that facilitate employment, relocation and adequate income support and social protection measures.
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This can be implemented first of all by proceeding with a thorough reform and strengthening of the employment centers. Particular attention will be paid to contrast precarious jobs, also caused by the "jobs act", to build more stable work relationships and to allow families a more serene planning of their future. Promoting investments in young, innovative and technological companies means to bet on the future and to give valeue to merit and research. To this end, a profound reorganization of training aimed at true and quality employment is necessary, which looks not only at today's reality but which invests in the sectors of the future in order to adapt work to technological and supply changes, through processes of continuous training of workers.
It will also be necessary to promote, in secondary schools and universities, the raise of new professionals suitable for the skills required by the fourth industrial revolution, with the appropriate profiles, as well as provide measures to support micro and small businesses in the renewal of their production processes, as a prerequisite for the development of a strategy aimed at the wider diffusion of advanced technologies.
It is also necessary to introduce measures aimed at guaranteeing an adequate higher secondary professional technical training, capable of ensuring our young people access to jobs and to the manual, technical and craft professions. It is imperative that severe anti-corruption legislation be enforced so as to allow a significant recovery of resources unduly subtracted from the State and, at the same time, re-launch the country's competitiveness, favoring real competition in the private sector for the benefit of small and medium-sized enterprises.
The measures to be carried out are the following: increase in penalties for all crimes against the public administration of a corruptive nature for which any reduction to sentences is prevented by means of a system that prohibits access to alternative reward sentencing; the 'DASPO' for the corrupt and for the corrupting party, which implies the interdiction from public offices and a perpetual bar to contract with the public administration for those who has been definitively convicted for a corruptive crime against the Public Administration; in the context of the full implementation of the UN Convention of Merida, the introduction of the figure of the "undercover agent" and the evaluation of an incitement officer in presence of evidence of wrongdoings, to encourage the discovery of corruption phenomena in Public Administration.
To these instruments it is necessary to combine a modification of the provisions in force - to date not completely effective - in terms of prevention and repression, including strengthening the safeguards for the whistleblower, as well as a strengthening of the National Anti-corruption Authority and the plan of prevention of corruption.
With regard to wiretapping, it is advisable to intervene to increase its use, especially for corruption offenses. A civil State must safeguard, protect, assist and integrate anyone with a disability. It is essential to consolidate and renew the protection and inclusion policies dedicated to people with disabilities, aimed at ensuring them a concrete and effective support during all stages of life. A general strengthening of funds on disability and non self-sufficiency is foreseen in order to allow people with disabilities to live independently and to participate fully in all areas of life, ensuring access to physical environment, transport, information and communication, including information and communication systems and technologies, and to all other equipment and services open or offered to the public.
It is necessary to intervene so that welfare, social security and indemnity treatments, including debit cards, in any capacity perceived by public administrations, if they are subject to disability, are strictly excluded from the calculation of the ISEE or other income indicators necessary to access tax reliefs or benefits. With reference to the indemnity for civil disability, we propose its increase and adjustment to social pension.
The O. Convention on the right to persons with disabilities must be fully enforced, proceeding to a complete review of existing laws and ensuring that every choice of the legislator always falls within the full awareness that "people with disabilities include those who have long term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments that combined with various barriers can prevent their full and effective participation in society on a basis of equality with others ".
To ensure protection and inclusion for those with disabilities or those who are not self-sufficient, it is necessary to overcome the fragmentation of national and local public intervention, through a coordinated and shared governance of interventions and the networking of providers of interventions.
We must ensure the timely updating of the special terms for the purchase of goods and aids for people with disabilities. The inclusion in schools of students with disabilities must be guaranteed, through a better specialization of teachers for the support and implementation of their presence in the classroom.
Upgrade paths for curriculum teachers and for all the figures in the school will have to be identified.
A cultural intervention to contrast the prejudices on disability is necessary, ensuring that during the educational path moments of listening and meeting with disability are provided, also with the involvement of associations for the disabled. It is necessary to guarantee the accessibility of places, goods and services through an effective removal of architectural barriers, also contemplating a civic audit in the construction of public works. We need to implement a "policy for independent living" that favors the access of people with disabilities to newly designed homes or buildings.
We need social housing policies that involve the private sector and introduce, in the urbanization costs, quotas to be reserved for people with disabilities. Cohousing must be encouraged and specific training courses must be organised, to be held by health personnel and through self-mutual-support meetings, to increase the knowledge and skills of caregivers.
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Furthermore, in order to give adequate representation to disability on the political agenda, we are committed to establishing a dedicated ministry. Finally, an adequate representation must also be guaranteed through the establishment of a Regional Guarantor as a reference figure in the event of non-compliance and violations of the rights of persons with disabilities. It is necessary to provide for the abolition of the social security system imbalances introduced by the so-called "Fornero" pension reform, allocating 5 billions to facilitate the retirement from the labor market of the categories today excluded.
We will immediately give the opportunity to retire from work when the sum of the worker's age and years of contributions is at least , with the aim of allowing the retirement age to be reached with 41 years of contributory seniority, also taking into account workers engaged in heavy duty occupations. Furthermore, it is necessary to reorganize the welfare system by providing for the separation between social security and assistance.
We will prolong the experimental measure "women's option" that allows workers with years and 35 years of contributions to retire immediately, opting in toto for the contributory scheme. We will prolong this experimental measure, using available resources. It is necessary to refinance Local Authorities by giving priority to family welfare such as support for free nursery services for Italian families, policies for women, for the elderly and the third age, the support to the suburbs , with a view to synergy between all the components of the state to achieve the objectives of economic development of quality and to get the country out of the economic crisis.
We need to introduce effective policies for the family, to enable women to reconcile family and work times, including through appropriate services and income support. In addition, it is necessary to provide for: the increase of maternity benefits, a maternity economic premium for women returning to work and tax relief for companies that keep mothers at work after the birth of their children.
It is necessary to introduce benefits to families through: reimbursements for nursery schools and baby sitters, tax benefits, including "zero VAT" for neonatal and children's products. Special attention must also be paid to the elderly with measures aimed at facilitating families with elderly dependents, including home care also by housekeepers and caregivers. The citizenship income is an active measure addressed to Italian citizens in order to reinsert them in the social and working life of the country.
It guarantees the dignity of the individual and acts as a flywheel to activate potential work in our country, encouraging employment and economic growth. The measure is configured as a tool to support income for Italian citizens who are in need; the amount of the disbursement is established on the basis of the poverty risk threshold calculated for both income and capital. In order to allow the reintegration of the citizen into the world of work, the provision of citizenship income requires an active commitment of the beneficiary who must adhere to job offers from employment centers maximum of three proposals over a two-year period , with the expiry of the benefit in case of refusal to carry out the requested work activity.
The measure is based on two guiding principles that are on one hand the type of professionalism of the worker in question and on the other the synergy with the economic development strategy aimed at the goal of full employment, triggered by industrial policies aimed at reconverting the productive sectors, so as to develop the necessary innovation to achieve quality development. This path involves a 2 billion euros investment for the reorganization and strengthening of the employment centers that will act as catalyst and will retrain workers who are in a temporary state of unemployment.
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The planning of a general strengthening of all employment centers in Italy is aimed at: increasing their presence, efficiency and quality of employment services; identify and define suitable standards for the provision of services; upscale the training levels of personnel. It is necessary to assign a citizenship pension to those living below the threshold of poverty. In the context of fundamental institutional reform, a pragmatic and feasible approach is necessary, with reference to some limited, timely and homogeneous interventions, through the presentation of distinct and autonomous constitutional legislative initiatives.
The drastic reduction in the number of parliamentarians must be the starting point: deputies and senators. In this way, it will be easier to organize the work of the Chambers and the process of approving the laws will become more efficient, without in any way affecting the supreme principle of representation, since the direct election by universal suffrage by the people for both branches of the Parliament would stand, without compromising their functions.
In this way it will also be possible to achieve huge reductions in spending as the total number of senators and deputies will be almost halved.
There is a need to introduce forms to bind parliamentarians to their mandate, to counter the ever-increasing phenomenon of transformism. Other systems, including European ones, contain provisions aimed at preventing defections and ensuring that parliamentary groups are always expressions of political forces presented to the voters, as can be seen from Article of the Portuguese Constitution or from group discipline for parliamentarians in Spain. It is also essential to strengthen an indispensable institution of direct democracy already provided for by our constitutional order: the abrogative referendum.